Towards a radical black publishing space

New Beacon was always keen to encourage and offer advice to other young black publishers starting out in Britain, the Caribbean, and the States. It was never only, or even primarily, a publishing house, but was working to define an independent space for writing, reading, and talking about radical black thought. In London, the most significant of the other start-ups were Bogle-L’Ouverture, formed in 1968 by Jessica and Eric Huntley, and the Race Today Collective, born out of a split with the Institute of Race Relations in 1972. Allison & Busby was another key publishing house, co-founded by Margaret Busby and Clive Allison in 1967, though its list did not contain exclusively black authors. Other small publishing ventures included Karnak House (founded by Amon Saba Saakana, aka Sebastian Clarke), Karia Press (founded by Buzz Johnson), Blackbird Books (founded by Rudolph Kizerman), Black Star Publisher (Len Garrison) and Centerprise (founded in 1971 by Glenn Thompson). These various publishers worked largely in co-operation, particularly from the late 1970s onwards, following fascist attacks on several radical and black bookshops and the launch of the International Book Fair of Radical Black and Third World Books in 1982.